In California, employers can not discriminate based on race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry, physical or mental disability, medical condition, genetic information, or marital status. Also, other types of discrimination include sex (including pregnancy, childbirth, etc.), gender, gender identity or expression, age (40 and older), sexual orientation, or military or veteran status.
Additionally, employers cannot refuse to hire, employ, or select for training programs leading to employment; bar or discharge from employment or training programs leading to work; or discriminate in compensation or terms, conditions, and privileges of employment. The laws enforced protection from employment discrimination when it involves one of these negative actions that constitute discrimination in the workplace:
– Termination and retaliation: Employers cannot punish employees for making discrimination or harassment complaints or participating in workplace investigations.
– Forced Resignation: It is when the employer takes action to push the employee to quit the job.
– Demotion: means changing the classification of an employee to a broadband level with a lower maximum salary or changing the category of an employee to a broadband level with the same or a higher full salary but a lower level of responsibility.
– Unfavorable Transfer: Depending on the circumstances, lateral transfers, negative job references, and changes in work schedules may constitute adverse employment actions.
– Decrease in pay or benefits: All forms of payment are covered by this law, including salary, overtime pay, bonuses, stock options, profit sharing, and bonus plans, life insurance, vacation and holiday pay, cleaning or gasoline allowances, hotel accommodations, reimbursement for travel expenses, and benefits.
– Denying pay: Is the action of denying the employee the wages and benefits he or she deserves.
– Failing to hire: When the employer denies hiring an employee without a valid reason.
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